1. Research your rail passes

If you’re planning a seriously long-distance trip, it may be worth looking into getting an Amtrak Railpass. These start from $459 for a maximum of eight journeys (also known as segments) taken over 15 days, right up to $899 for 45 days of travel over 18 trips.

2. Buy your tickets in advance – but forget about reservations

You can easily buy tickets on Amtrak’s website which offers mobile ticketing and handily puts multiple journeys on the one ticket.

You can’t usually reserve coach seats in advance. If you’re travelling in coach, Amtrak staff will allocate your seat on the platform. Seats are configured in pairs facing towards the direction of travel, with doubles always put aside for those travelling in pairs or groups.

3. Sleep on it: coach, roomettes & bedrooms

Travelling overnight presents you with a few accommodation options: you can book a roomette or bedroom, or you can rough it in coach.

Roomettes are fairly compact double cabins and some even boast an interesting in-cabin toilet – only for those who are particularly well acquainted with their travel partners.

Bedrooms are noticeably larger with more room to stretch out when the seats are arranged for day travel. They have a more conventional, private enclosed toilet and some even have showers.

Coach seats, despite being the cheapest option, have generous proportions, ample legroom (often superior to many airlines’ business class seats) and recline quite far back.

4. Plan for delays

Amtrak trains often share their tracks with massive, mile-long freight trains, which get priority. This means that delays on longer routes are inevitable.

5. Book a table in the diner

A meal in the dining car is a must-have Amtrak experience. The Dining Car opens, usually for multiple sittings, for breakfast, lunch and dinner, and attendants will take reservations throughout the train in advance.

6. Get your bags checked

Stations vary in size from huge complexes with multiple bars, shops and cafés to a single platform with a station sign and a bench. Most cities will let you check your baggage for free (get to your station 40 minutes before departure to take advantage of this) but all coach cars have ample overhead storage if you prefer to keep your case with you.

7. Check out the bar car

Most trains should have a Bar Car, and you don’t need to spend a cent on board to enjoy them.

They’re usually next to the dining car, with tables and comfy leather booths for four where you can play cards, watch the scenery roll past, enjoy a coffee and a snack and chat to fellow passengers.

8. And the Dome Car

Some of the more scenic routes will also have a Dome Car, with seats facing out with views through panoramic windows designed to make the most of the sublime scenery you’ll be passing through.

9. Pack some climate control

The temperature in Amtrak’s coaches is uniformly regulated year-round. This means that even if you’re winding your way through the baking Arizona desert you might find your car a bit nippy, so it’s worth packing a jumper in your carry-on.

10. Know your rest stops from your regulars

Not all stops are created equal. If you’re a smoker, or you just fancy stretching your legs and sampling the air outside on longer journeys, it pays to know if a stop is a designated ‘rest stop’, which means you’re allowed to get off. If it’s not, don’t even try it – this rule is enforced strictly across the Amtrak network.

11. Use the lounges

If you’re travelling in a sleeper cabin (or in business class) you should also make use of lounges in some of the bigger city stations, which offer complimentary wi-fi, newspapers, drinks and snacks before or after your train.

12. Map out your transit options

Amtrak stations aren’t always slap-bang in centre of town. Most will have metropolitan transport links, of course, but some – like Atlanta, for instance – will be a cab ride away, so plan your accommodation and onward travel accordingly.